My research examines how increased instrumentation and tracking of natural and social processes (e.g., the Internet of Things) enable the construction of unique data profiles that may expose personal information that could be used by corporations or governments to disadvantage certain individuals or groups. I study how these developments may create unjust power differentials used by one group to diminish the opportunities of another, threaten to destroy anonymity when engaging in public affairs, and hinder public participation in democratic discourse. I am also interested in open data, in particular how it can be harnessed for the public good, while minimizing the risks of re-identification of personal data.
Keywords: Data and discrimination; digital inequalities; big data; Internet of Things; privacy and surveillance; open data and civic engagement; Ubiquitous Computing; communication policy.
Winter, J.S. (2016). Algorithmic discrimination: Big data analytics and the future of the Internet. In J.S. Winter & R. Ono (Eds.), The Future Internet: Alternative Visions. New York: Springer.
Winter, J.S. (2015). Privacy challenges for the Internet of Things. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third edition (pp. 4373-4383). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.(PDF available).
Winter, J.S. (2015). Big data analytics, the social graph, and unjust algorithmic discrimination: Tensions between privacy and open data. International Telecommunications Society. October, 2015, Los Angeles.
Buente, W., Winter, J.S., Kramer, H., Dalisay, F., Hill, Y., & Buskirk, P.A. (forthcoming). Program-based Assessment of Capstone ePortfolios for a Communication BA Curriculum. International Journal of ePortfolio.
Winter, J.S. (2015). Citizen perspectives on the customization/ privacy paradox related to smart meter implementation. International Journal of Technoethics, 6(1), 45-59. doi:10.4018/ijt.2015010104. (PDF available).
Winter, J.S. (2014). (Un)ethical use of smart meters? In S. Gangadharan (Ed.) Data and discrimination: Collected essays. Washington, DC: Open Technology Institute – New America Foundation. (Link).
Winter, J.S., Buente, W., & Buskirk, P.A. (2014). Opportunities and challenges for first-mile development in rural Hawaiian communities. Special issue focused on the ‘First Mile’ of broadband development. Journal of Community Informatics,10(2).(Link)
Winter, J.S. (2014). Surveillance in ubiquitous network societies: Normative conflicts related to the consumer in-store supermarket experience in the context of the Internet of Things. Ethics and Information Technology, 16(1), 27-41. doi:10.1007/s10676-013-9332-3. (PDF available).
Winter, J.S. (2014). Citizen perspectives on the customization/privacy paradox related to smart grid implementation. Paper presented at the Data and Discrimination Preconference, International Communication Association Annual Conference. May, 2014, Seattle.
Winter, J.S. (2014). The right to communicate as a foundation for the good life. International Communication Association Annual Conference. May, 2014, Seattle.
Harris, C.S., & Winter, J.S. (2013). Opening the flow of citizen engagement: An exploratory study of social networking services as a potential vehicle for e-participation in the City and County of Honolulu. International Journal of Electronic Government Research, 9(2), 63-84. doi: 10.4018/jegr.2013040104. (PDF available).
Winter, J.S. (2013). The Internet of Things: Scenarios for a human-centered design and policy process. (2013). World Futures Studies Federation 40th Anniversary Conference, Bucharest, Romania, June, 2013.
Winter, J.S. (2013). Cloud-based facial recognition: Establishing the citizen at the center of policy and design. International Communication Association Annual Conference. June, 2013, London.